Job Opening

Posting Title: Valuation Expert - Methodologies Guidelines for Coastal & Marine Ecosystems
Department/Office: United Nations Environment Programme
Duty Station: NAIROBI
Posting Period: 03 October 2018 - 16 October 2018
Job Opening Number: 18-United Nations Environment Programme-104479-Consultant
Staffing Exercise N/A
United Nations Core Values: Integrity, Professionalism, Respect for Diversity
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Result of Service

A 40 page report as a finished document. Appropriate schematic presentations will be used to represent process flows or linkages between important and related elements. In terms of audience, the Guidelines are intended for use by government agencies, National Research institutions, regional organizations and civil society organizations engaged in climate change mitigation and adaptation work. The WIOSAP Project is being implemented in partnership with WIO-C members and the consultant will need to consult the Consortium especially IUCN, WCS, CORDIO and FARI members including Institute for Resource Assessment, University of Dares Salaam, KMFRI and School of Economics University of Nairobi among other.

Work Location


Expected duration

This work will run for 40 man days covering a period of 2 calendar months until Dec 2018.

Duties and Responsibilities

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment. UNEP's Ecosystem Division works with international and national partners, providing technical assistance and advisory services for the implementation of environmental policy, and strengthening the environmental management capacity of developing countries and countries with economies in transition. This position is located at UNEP, Nairobi duty station, under the supervision of the WIOSAP Project Manager.

Background of the Consultancy
The Contracting Parties to the Nairobi Convention have received funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to implement a Programme entitled ‘Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the protection of the Western Indian Ocean from land-based sources and activities’ (WIOSAP). The Project is intended ‘to reduce impacts from land-based sources and activities and sustainably manage critical coastal and marine ecosystems through the implementation of the agreed WIO-SAP priorities with the support of partnerships at national and regional levels’. The WIOSAP Project is largely based on the WIO-LaB Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the protection of the WIO Region from land-based sources and activities that was developed as part of the UNEP-GEF WIO-LaB Programme that was implemented in the WIO Region in the period 2004-2010. The WIOSAP Project is thus a response to a request made by the Contracting Parties to the Nairobi Convention and it presents an opportunity to the governments in the region and their conservation partners to jointly implement strategies of protecting the coastal and marine ecosystems from land-based sources and activities to provide essential goods and services on sustainable basis.

The Project is implemented and executed through a ‘Partnerships Approach’ with the Nairobi Convention Secretariat being the Executing Agency. The participating countries include Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia and South Africa.

The Project has four main components:
Component A: Sustainable management of critical habitats focuses on the protection, restoration and management of critical coastal habitats and ecosystems recognizing the enormous value of healthy critical coastal and marine habitats for the future well-being of people in the WIO region.
Component B: Improved water quality focuses on the need for the WIO Region’s water quality to attain international standards by the year 2035.
Component C: Sustainable management of river flows aims at promoting wise management of river basins in the region through implementation of a suite of activities aimed at building the capacity for environmental flows assessment and application in river basins of the region.
Component D: Governance and regional collaboration focuses on strengthening governance and awareness in the WIO region with a view to facilitating sustainable management of critical coastal ecosystems and habitats.

WIOSAP Mode of Implementation
Covering the four Components, demonstration projects financed through a competitive Call for Proposals scheme will be implemented with the objective of reducing stress from land-based sources and activities in the WIO. It is anticipated that the sum of the learning derived from these projects will be significantly enhanced if the projects within each component share standardised approaches to their design and implementation, to subsequent analyses and to the reporting of results. To facilitate this a set of resources are being made available to project implementation teams. One of these resources will be the WIO Guidelines on Methodologies for the Valuation of Coastal & Marine Ecosystems (VCME).

Scope of Work
Under the supervision of the Project Manager, WIOSAP Project, the Contractor will develop concise and practical WIO Guidelines on Methodologies for the Valuation of Coastal & Marine Ecosystems for direct application by the beneficiaries of the WIOSAP Call for Proposals (and other VCME practitioners including government agencies, National Research Institutions and civil society organizations among others).

While it is recognised that a number of excellent documents providing advice and guidelines for VCME have been developed in recent years and although many approaches and tools for VCME are fairly universal in their potential application, the particular relevance, utility or practicality of one versus another is determined by the specific local context. For example, countries of the WIO differ in the availability of data or in terms of access to the capacity required for VCME. Governance influence on the philosophy and potential use of economic valuation also varies across the WIO. The objective of preparing WIO specific guidelines on VCME is therefore to help users in the region to focus on what is most likely to work for them, to assist them to better match the vast array of available tools and approaches to their particular situation.

The Consultant will therefore integrate into the Guidelines the WIO’s experience of (and/or potentially make recommendations for) the various approaches and tools that together comprise VCME to provide that specific assistance. The insertions of WIO experience or recommendations will likely vary in detail, depending on each case. Where useful examples from the WIO are not available the Consultant may draw on experience from elsewhere.

Although the consultant is free to develop their own preferred structure and content, an indicative scope of coverage is proposed as follows:
1. Understanding the Basics - What are we seeking to value & why?
a. Ecosystem Functions (e.g. to cover production, regulation, habitat);
b. Ecosystem Services (e.g. provisioning, regulating, habitat, socio-cultural, economic);
c. The case for ecosystem valuations.

2. Ecosystem Valuation Methods (and when to use them):
a. Benefits transfer versus primary valuation: (e.g. study site to policy site);
b. Economic approaches: (e.g. preference-based valuation, biophysical methods);
c. Non-economic approaches: (e.g. instrumental valuation, deliberative valuation, deliberative monetary valuation);
d. Direct comparison of methods: (e.g. pros & cons, relative difficulty);
e. Important considerations: (e.g. equity & value distribution, discounting, double-counting, uncertainty).

3. Preparing for the Valuation:
a. Being clear about your mandate & the demand for a valuation: (e.g. policy issue to address, stakeholder buy-in, potential decision entry points);
b. Collating available information & data: (e.g. previous valuations/benefits transfer)
c. Clarifying objectives & agreeing methods;
d. Ensuring access to required competencies;
e. Stakeholder communication strategies.

4. Undertaking the Valuation:
a. A description of the target ecosystem;
b. Stakeholder engagement;
c. Survey & sampling methods;
d. Options for participatory analyses;
e. Developing scenarios;
f. Employing decision-support tools.

5. Employing the Outputs of Ecosystem Valuations: (e.g. the design of valuation products, influencing policies & strategies, management & regulation, planning, market-based instruments, communication strategies).

6. A Glossary of terms.

Qualifications/special skills

Advanced university degree (a Master’s degree or equivalent) in Natural Resource Economics or related disciplines.

i. A minimum of 10-years of relevant professional experience, with participation in at least three marine ecosystem valuations;
ii. Experience in working with different stakeholders at both strategic and technical levels and demonstrated quality and timely delivery;
iii. Working knowledge of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region and experience of working with the Governments of the WIO region would be preferred;
iv. Familiarity with/appreciable understanding of the work of the UNEP-Nairobi Convention Programme of work:
v. Demonstrated competency in high level and excellent scientific/technical writing;
vi. Ability to work within very short timelines and with minimum supervision.

Excellent command of written and spoken English. Knowledge of Portuguese or French is an advantage.

No Fee


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