vacance de poste

Intitulé publication: RITD/ RINS - Pharmaceuticals Procurement Specialist
Département / Bureau: Commission économique pour l'Afrique
Lieu d'affectation: ADDIS ABABA
Période de candidature: 07 juin 2021 - 13 juin 2021
No de l’appel á candidature: 21-Economic Commission for Africa-156837-Consultant
Staffing Exercise N/A
Valeurs fondamentales de l'ONU: intégrité, professionnalisme, respect de la diversité
Désolé, cet appel à candidature n'est plus disponible.
Result of Service

• Successful and impactful policy advocacy and implementation of for the Centralised Pooled Procurement Mechanism (CPPM) within the AfCFTA-anchored Pharmaceutical Initiative thematic areas of delivery;
• Successful facilitation of policy dialogues that will lead to the effective implementation of the AfCFTA and AMA and Initiative’s objectives.

Work Location

Addis Ababa

Expected duration

This consultancy will be for a period of 11 (eleven) months upon signature of contract.

Duties and Responsibilities

Organizational Settings and Reporting:

Under the direct supervision of the ECA Directors: Dr. Stephen Karingi, Regional Integration and Trade (RITD) and Ms. Thokozile Ruzvidzo, Gender, Poverty and Social Policy Division, Pharmaceuticals Procurement Consultant will have the responsibility to undertake the following:

I. Background

The advent of the African Continental Free Area (AfCFTA), its coming into force effectively on 30 May 2019 and entering into an operational phase on 7 July 2019, at an African Union (AU) summit in Niger marks momentous milestone for economic integration of Africa. The AfCFTA brings onboard a market of 1.3 Billion people, a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of $3.4 trillion, across 55 member states of the AU. The AfCFTA-anchored African single market changes the economics on the ground and makes the case for significant investment in manufacturing across the continent in particular the health sector as an input to inclusive and sustainable development, promotion of value addition and income generation, job creation to cater for the youth bulge, technological and knowledge spill overs.

The Agreement which began trading on the 01 Janaury 2021 provides an appropriate sectoral approach to advocate for healthcare and wellness sectors, and more specifically the pharmaceutical sector. The healthcare and wellness sector, which is projected to be worth $259 billion by 2030 is said to have a potential to create 16 million jobs is ready market to operationalize the AfCFTA. If we single out the pharmaceuticals sub-sector alone, the industry is one of the world’s fastest growing. In the past ten years, the market has exploded to US$ 21 Billion and is estimated to be US$60 Billion by the end of 2020 and still growing.

In its role as the only UN agency mandated to operate at the regional and sub regional levels to harness resources and bring them to bear on Africa's priorities, and in line with its mission to deliver ideas and actions for an empowered and transformed Africa; informed by the 2030 Agenda and Agenda 2063; the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) leveraging on its three core functions, namely, its convening function, its function as a think tank and its operational function to convene the relevant partners, provides platform, networks and analysis to leverage opportunities of the AfCFTA in the pharmaceutical sector across the continent. ECA, across its various efforts in the last year to advance the SDGs and Agenda 2063, has been involved in identifying key leadership commitments, interests and the economic justification for such an engagement.
Indeed, in 2018, UNECA commissioned a report titled “Review of Policies and Strategies for the Pharmaceutical Production Sector in Africa: Policy coherence, best practices and future prospective”. The policy recommendations emanating from report informed the 2019 Africa Business Forum which was convened on the margins of African Union Summit on 12 February 2019. The Forum’s objective was to facilitate and consolidate a regional partnership between private and public sector for the purposes of advancing health outcomes and shape health markets in Africa to spur improved health and wellbeing of its people and economy. In tandem, ECA also developed its inaugural Healthcare and Economic Growth in Africa in 2019 which was launched at the 2019 Business Forum along the ABCHealth-whose purpose is to harness and mobilize private sector investments and champions through a coordinated platform to advance helath outoemes and shape health markets across Africa.

Responding to committed African leaders’ requests, the ECA is moving forward with its role on operationalization of ideas to actions by facilitating a AfCFTA anchored- Pharmaceutical Project which takes on a three strand approach: facilitation and advocacy of local production of maternal and child care drugs and products; pooled procurement of same in small Islands States and countries that include -Seychelles, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Djibouti, Eritrea, Rwanda and IGAD anchored by Kenya and Ethiopia; and ensuring harmonized regualatory and quality standards of medicines and products with the support of the AUC’s Agencies.

It is well known that African has high disease burden coupled by high population growth that will continue to demand pharmaceutical drugs and products. Yet, Africa manufactures less than 2 per cent of the medicines it consumes while it imports over 97 per cent of its needs from outside the continent at an annual cost of $14.5 billion. Worse still, several African countries import sub-standard or poor-quality medicines and some of the smaller Africa economies pay premium prices to source their pharmaceuticals owing to their weakened bargaining position with large, well-resourced and dominant international pharmaceutical companies. It is estimated that the annual earnings from substandard and/or counterfeit drugs were over US$30 billion, according to the 2017 World Health Organization, Report of fake drugs trade. Counterfeit and substandard drugs are a public health risk contributing significantly to morbidity and mortality. The tragedy of it all is that most of these diseases are treatable and most related deaths could be prevented with timely access to appropriate and affordable and quality medicines and so are people living with long life diseases, they can lead productive lives.

Africa’s pharmaceutical industry exhibits several market distortions (such as undersupply of quality medication, overpricing and dominant behaviours on behalf of some producers) which affect the adequate supply of medicines and pharmaceutical products in Africa. The economic justification for demonstrating the operationalization of the AfCFTA in the healthcare sector and especially in the pharmaceutical sector is well-established. Aggregating the continent into one trade space-pulling together demand and market factors provides multiple opportunities to address the pharmaceutical challenges and market distortions.

Leveraging on the AfCFTA for pooled procurement of pharmaceuticals (PPP) and products by establishing/enhancing regional centres of excellences in particular, for smaller Island States and economies which are the most affected by the pricing of pharmaceuticals, will bring on-board primary advantage of the reduction of drug costs through economies of scale /collective bargaining and efficiency gains. By pooling country’s demands together, it can guarantee long term predictable funding and bring down costs as countries can co-finance with private sector and development partner’s support both in cash and kind. In addition, the aggregation of demand of multiple buyers is often associated with increased bargaining power; improve quality assurance and access to medicines; reduction to transcation and operating costs as well as reduction or eliminatation of corruption; and rationalized choice.

Taking lessons from other pooled procurement models and best practices, the AfCFTA as single economic space can allow more “secure” logistics and controlled environment for procurement and distribution. A regional “pooled’ procurement arrangement can also help with the infrastructure and logistics needs of the continent and once addressed, it will provide for safety, security and quality of products procured and distributed. According to WHO, successfully implemented pooled procurement mechanisms can help countries access sustainable supply of quality drugs, achieve greater demand predictability, reduce transaction costs, and (sometimes) reduce the total price paid for drugs and related products.

In developing and showcasing this scalable and sustainable AfCFTA-anchored Pharma Initiative of action, the AfCFTA and Africa Medicines Agency (AMA) are the game changers. The pilot initiative focus on localized pharmaceutical production, pooled procurement and a harmonized regulatory and quality framework to ensure a sustainable safeguard of quality standards of medicines and products. Going forward taking lessons from the pilot phase and established track record, the Initiative will be scaled up to the continental level. The decision to focus on select maternal and child health-care products was informed by high maternal and infant mortality ratio in Africa as well as huge unmet needs for family planning and other reproductive health commodities that remains valid todate. The maternal and child health burden remains relatively high across the continent and, the challenges relating to maternal and infant mortality persist, particularly in respect of achieving targets of key indicators within the SDGs. In connection to the above, there other existing difficulties such as the lack of preventive immunization measures and vaccines.

The predicted positive overall impact will be reflected in an increased intra-African trade in pharmaceuticals with a decrease of 25 per cent in imports by year two after implementation of the Initiative. Furthermore, enhanced availability of affordable medicines with an estimated cost drop of 25 per cent by year three is forecasted as well as the creation of the needed fiscal space in an era of rising government debts further excabarated by COVID-19. The intended macro improvements are complemented by social gains in significant job creation and increases in women’s productivity. This health and economic initiative, which maximizes the benefits brought about by the AfCFTA and AMA, embodies great opportunities to change and save lives, reduce poverty and contribute to inclusive and sustainable social and economic development in Africa.

II. Overall Objectives of the consultancy

AfCFTA- anchored Pharmaceutical Initiative aims at addressing economic-related challenges facing African member countries relating to high costs of medicines and promote the creation of fiscal space to the African Governments given the emerging trend of rising government debts. The AfCFTA, by virtue of the expanded market opportunities it offers and the potential to create manufacturing hubs, can be a game changer in the fight against life threatening diseases, especially given the continent’s high disease burden and provides a mitigation framework for preparation from future outbreaks such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and resultant consequences.

The Pooled Procurement pillar of the Initiative is crucial to guaranteeing the protection of the integrated African market from substandard, and counterfeit products and services by ensuring availability, accessibility and affordability of effective and effecious pharmaceutical drugs and products to enhance Africans’ standards of living and save lives. The continent needs more resilient health systems, economies, and supply chains hence the imperative to invest more in healthcare and strengthen local manufacturing capacity of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics.
The African we want cannot have sustainable and inclusive development without meeting the health needs of its growing population. By pooling countries demand together, the Agreement can facilitate the bringing down of cost of medicines to African consumers and improve wellbeing on Africa people and their economy.

Given the pivotal role investments in health plays as input in achieving sustainable and inclusive economic growth as we have seen with COVID-19 pandemic, the Commission and AUC through the Health, Humanitarian Affairs and Social Development Commissioner wishes to engage the services of a Senior Policy Advisor, to support ongoing efforts to develop a framework of action to advance health outcomes and shape health markets in Africa, including through:

(i) Leverage the AfCFTA and AMA in facilitating regional pooled procurement of maternal and child health essential medicines and commodities including vaccines;
(ii) Facilitation and advocacy from the policy angle on local production of maternal and child health essential medicines and commodities;
(ii) Promote the assurance of common regulatory and quality standards of maternal and child health essential medicines and commodities including vaccines.


III. Duties and responsibilities:

The Pharmaceuticals Procurement Consultant shall:

Help to strengthen and advance the AfCFTA-anchored Pharmaceutical Initiative strategic priorities in African member countries in order to showcase the operationalization of the AfCFTA and Centralised Pooled Procurement Mechanism;
• Conduct review of procurement regulations and current practices of the medicine procurement system leveraging on the AfCFTA anchored Pharmaceutical Initiative;
• Follow up with recommendations in the review and implementation of international best practices on pooled procurement and foster the building of strategic partnerships and guidance on how to strengthen linkages between ECA, AUC, AUDA-NEPAD, RECs and other relevant partners on AfCFTA-anchored Pharmaceutical Initiative,
• Conduct conducting market research, selection of vital, essential, and nonessential medicines for piloting, specifying quality standards, determining quantities needed, identifying potential suppliers, specifying contract terms, monitoring order status, and monitoring medicines distribution in the 10 participating Countries, determining quantities required; specifying quality standards; determining unit price and setting a bid threshold; good pharmaceutical procurement practices;
• Contribute to the development and implementation of CPPM supply chain plans and procedures to achieve operational cost efficiency, agility, reliability, quality and to support national capacity strengthening;
• Coordinate the management of the procurement process, as appropriate according to Feasibility Study and CPPM, including sourcing, bidding, and contract management to achieve Initiative objectives;

• Contribute to regional and country context analyses and to the management of end-to-end operational supply chain and retail networks, to address operational supply chain challenges and optimization needs;

• Conduct regular financial analysis and budget reviews, drawing out insights and recommending actions to senior staff to improve the use of resources and effectiveness of supply chain operations;

• Build and maintain positive relationships with supply chain counterparts amongst government and other national organizations, UN agencies, NGOs and private sector to share operational knowledge, contributing to coordinated and cost-effective supply chain operations;

• Support management of supply chain operations, in compliance with the established supply chain strategies, policies, procedures and controls, and following corporate standards, with emphasis on quality control, loss prevention, risk mitigation, and costeffectiveness;

• Adhere to established procurement policies and standard operating procedures; and identify opportunities for continuous improvement.

• Contract management including the monitoring of non-compliance by suppliers and facilitating the imposing of appropriate penalties

• Quantification and estimate preparation as well as the verification of the correctness of estimates of Pharmaceuticals and related products

• Provide forecasting support to Participating Countries

• Develop procurement plans and relevant Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

• Analyse procurement data, compare uptakes on tender estimates and compile reports.

Qualifications/special skills

Academic Qualifications: An advanced university degree (Master’s degree or equivalent) Sciences, Public Health or Supply Chains is required. A first-level university degree in combination with additional two years of qualifying experience may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university degree.
Experience: A minimum of seven years of progressively responsible professional experience in coordinating supply chain and logistics activities with other teams; analyzing and supporting the implementation of end-to-end supply chain/logistics operations is required. Experience working in politically sensitive environments as well as building strategic alliances with Governments, Development Partners and other stakeholders is desirable. Experience within the United Nations system or other similar large international organization is desirable.
Language: English and French are the working languages of the United Nations Secretariat. For the position advertised, fluency in English is required. Knowledge of French is an advantage.

Aucun frais de dossier

THE UNITED NATIONS DOES NOT CHARGE A FEE AT ANY STAGE OF THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS (APPLICATION, INTERVIEW MEETING, PROCESSING, OR TRAINING). THE UNITED NATIONS DOES NOT CONCERN ITSELF WITH INFORMATION ON APPLICANTS’ BANK ACCOUNTS.

Désolé, cet appel à candidature n'est plus disponible.
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