Job Opening

Posting Title: Marine Transboundary Conservation Areas Expert
Department/Office: United Nations Environment Programme
Duty Station: NAIROBI
Posting Period: 21 April 2022 - 01 May 2022
Job Opening Number: 22-United Nations Environment Programme-179682-Consultant
Staffing Exercise N/A
United Nations Core Values: Integrity, Professionalism, Respect for Diversity
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Result of Service

1. An updated scientific, technical, socioeconomic, and legal review of the proposed marine transboundary conservation areas
2. A comprehensive funding proposal drawn from Output 1 with project description, a clear objective, project components/strategies, stakeholders, gender perspectives, project outcomes and outputs, project financing and potential co-financing, coordination, knowledge management and sustainability options.

Work Location


Expected duration

This consultancy shall be carried out for a period of 2 months

Duties and Responsibilities

The programme on capacity building related to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries result from a partnership between the European Commission (EC), the Secretariat of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP secretariat), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The aim of the programme is to empower key stakeholders to address environmental challenges and to reap the benefits of improved environmental management at the national and regional level. In the context of the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean region (Nairobi Convention), Phase III of the ACP MEAs Programme aims at better management of coasts and oceans, enhancing ocean governance and effective implementation of the Convention. The programme will support the strengthening of the governance framework of the Nairobi Convention and its associated protocols, the development of a regionally representative network of marine protected areas and enhance measures for reducing the influx of waste entering the marine environment.

The ACP-MEAs 3 programme seeks to undertake a literature review on the status of marine transboundary conservation areas (TBCA) in the Western Indian Ocean – between Kenya and Tanzania, Mozambique and Tanzania, Mozambique and South Africa, and other transboundary seascapes in the region. Generally, transboundary ecosystem consists of rich marine biodiversity and resources, marine protected areas, locally managed marine areas, and populations of migratory marine species that are ecologically connected but divided by political boundaries. The ecosystems are exposed to different policy, legal and institutional structures, management and governance regimes, and affected by social, cultural and economic contexts and systems; and relations between neighbouring countries.

The consultancy will provide for the most current status of the marine TBCA, grounded in an integrated perspective to cover the dynamic interactions between the different environmental issues, between environment and development, and link scientific knowledge clearly to policy. The consultancy should build on existing international instruments, assessments, stakeholder analysis, collaborating partners, information networks and research linking global, regional and national environmental perspectives and processes. The consultancy should outline the theory of change in describing the intended outcome, in order to address the increasing complexities of social-environmental interactions, including equity and distributional issues, local communities and local knowledge. The outcome should contribute to increased awareness about the current state of the TBCAs, resilience of ecosystems to risks and vulnerabilities, improved knowledge that could be used for establishment of a given TBCA, including future implications and benefits of the TBCA necessary to inform policy work, financing mechanisms and sustainability of solutions. The output will lead to the development of a fundable project proposal.

The main objective of the consultancy is to prepare a detailed and an updated report on the marine transboundary conservation areas in the Western Indian Ocean, and specifically to develop a funding proposal for establishment of the proposed TBCAs.

Justification for Review of the Western Indian Ocean TBCA
The Nairobi Convention Secretariat is seeking the services of an experienced and qualified expert to (i) undertake a literature review transboundary conservation areas (TBCA) in the Western Indian Ocean, and (ii) in line with decision CP10/12(e) of the tenth Conference of Parties to the Nairobi Convention (COP10) on supporting development of new projects and funding proposals for transboundary marine conservation/protected areas. The consultant will provide a detailed scientific review, and offer environmental, policy, legal and governance analysis of marine TBCAs and co-management initiatives, and clearly link scientific evidence to policymaking and advance cooperation agreement for a more effective regime for biodiversity conservation, and management of marine and coastal ecosystems across sectors and national boundaries. The consultancy will also aim to provide a stronger framework for addressing current and emerging threats to transboundary ecosystems of the Western Indian Ocean region from anthropogenic pressures and unsustainable socioeconomic activities in ecosystems, natural disasters and climate change, and coordination. The consultant will be required to work according to Terms of Reference contained in the following sections.

Duties and Responsibilities
The consultant will be under the general supervision of the Head of the Secretariat for the Nairobi Convention and direct supervision of the Project Manager- ACP MEAs 3 Programme at the Nairobi Convention secretariat. The consultant will undertake the following activities:
1. Desk literature review from the latest scientific reports on emerging issues and trends on transboundary conservation areas (TBCA) in the Western Indian Ocean – on biophysical, socio-economic, institutional, and legal aspects of each TBCA, including stakeholder engagements, partnerships, and emerging best practises. These recent reports include, among others, the Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook, Critical Habitats Outlook, Sharks and Rays Review Report, other successful transboundary conservation initiative, alongside enhanced ecological benefits, socio-economic resilience and strengthened political relations, guided by ongoing policy and political processes including CITES, CMS, BRS Conventions and ongoing discussions on protected areas, Sustainable Development Goals, CBD post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, the Paris Agreement, African Union Agenda 2063, and all relevant stakeholders active in a proposed TBCA (Governments, non-state actors, and private sector). Where possible, conduct virtual consultation with relevant stakeholders.
2. Elaborate, in particular, the justification for the proposed TBCAs between neighbouring countries including the value for conservation, protection, connectivity and applicable co-management, benefits for transboundary cooperation, interest, appropriateness, and relevance of the envisaged TBCA outcome, risks, and challenges.
3. Detail emerging risks associated with the TBCAs such as transboundary interactions and relations, biodiversity loss (changes in sea use, species overexploitation, invasive species, pollution, climate change), human environmental damage, and extreme weather. Others may include erosion of social cohesion, livelihoods crisis, and maritime security.
4. Using a standard template, develop a high-quality funding project proposal:
a. Identify with the implementation of the two Strategic Action Programmes of the Western Indian Ocean. Detailing the geographical distribution, historical background, key natural resource issues, specific geographic opportunities for transboundary collaboration, role and the partners involved in the given TBCA and identify new and emerging environmental issues as well as ongoing global and regional discussions that should be taken into account in the literature review.
b. Update on strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for transboundary cooperation in the proposed TBCA and propose other fronts and issues that may be considered in order for the TBCA to be ecological connected, and to be a modern, practically managed seascape.
c. Propose the piloting for eventual establishment of at least one TBCA and the strengthening of at least two other TBCAs and their associated locally managed marine areas.
i. In the Theory of Change address the pressures, systemic drivers and stressors on the health of marine and coastal ecosystems in the Western Indian Ocean and in the proposed TBCAs; identify barriers, opportunities, and solutions for an integrated framework of action at transboundary and national level.
ii. align the efforts on establishment of TBCAs to respond to systemic and transformational change and the urgency to respond to global and national ambitions to address the drivers of change, such as to sustainably manage 100% of the ocean area under national jurisdiction by 2025, the high ambition coalition to bring 30% of oceans under protection by 2030, the ambitions of Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (towards reaching 2050 vision), and the ambition to halt nature loss and ensure that the world is nature-positive by 2030 and carbon neutral by 2050.
iii. Provide specific strategies to foster transboundary collaboration with other parties and partners to establish an effectively managed TBCA. Explain how the strategies will be achieved, for example, by country driven priorities as included in as included in nationally determined contribution, national biodiversity strategic action plans, and national adaptation plans; mainstream integrated programming by holding joint meetings, developing coordinated management plans, or adjusting management practices, aligning management objectives, cooperating on various management activities such as monitoring and control, and other work plans, and/or forming joint management committees, fostering staff exchanges and knowledge, learning, and experience sharing, coordinated financial planning complemented country-level investments with transboundary action and impact.
iv. Address efforts to end traditional silo thinking and to address the interrelated and interdependent challenges of marine biodiversity loss in the TBCAs, and associated ocean degradation, pollution, and climate change in an integrated and coherent way in the Theory of Change.
v. Propose core ecological and social indicators and targets (medium and long term) leading to the establishment of the TBCA and incorporation of other effective conservation measures (OECM) and expand on policy coherence of TBCA establishment and co-management.
vi. Propose impactful outcomes leading to healthy and resilient Western Indian Ocean such as Post-COVID19 strategies by state and non-state actors to scale-up blue recovery actions in priority TBCAs and other seascapes, incentives and improved policy options promote innovations and behavior change for sustainability and resilience in transboundary ecosystems, and nature-based solutions and ecosystem services that underpin transformation of TBCAs
vii. Undertake key stakeholder mapping from each transboundary country who should be involved in the national and transboundary assessments; broaden the set of stakeholders to include those relevant agencies, local community members, and others who would be directly affected by the proposed TBCA.
viii. Incorporate a gender assessment and mobilization strategy of stakeholders, private sector, including engagement of non-traditional partners as key to co-management of TBCAs. Detail the diversity of private sector actors in the TBCAs, how to unlock private sector investment and in-country resources, to include parallel financing, co-financing, and development of multi-stakeholder platforms for technical assistance, capacity development, knowledge and information sharing.
ix. Detail the legal and governance framework which stipulates why the transboundary conservation area is being created, how it shall be constituted, governed, and financed, as well as who is responsible for what activities within the TBCA, and any other mainstreaming pathways, cooperation, and learning for local, national, and regional upscaling
5. Provide technical support, as may be required, to address any reviews of the project proposal.

Qualifications/special skills

Academic Qualifications: Academic Qualifications: An advanced university degree (Masters or PhD.) is required in ecology, natural resources management, environmental sciences, or ocean governance.A first level degree with two additional years of relevant work experience may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university
Experience: Minimum of 7 years of relevant professional experience is required in natural resources management, including marine and coastal resources. Proven track record of engaging with national, regional and/or inter - governmental and non-governmental organisations and science – policy dialogues and extensive international publication record in the fields of natural resources management, ocean governance, coastal and marine resources and climate change policies is desired. Proven track record of research on natural resources management, coastal and marine areas in the Western Indian Ocean region. Excellent drafting skills is also desired.
Language: Language: English and French are the official working languages of the United Nations. For this position fluency in both oral and written English is required.

No Fee


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